Von der LTTEwatch-Redaktion vom 24. März 2014
Genf – Kurz vor der finalen Abstimmung der 25. Session des Menschenrechtsrates der Vereinten Nationen in Genf, läßt die USA als Antragsteller den dritten Entwurf des Resolution gegen das srilankische Regime zirkulieren. Der Entwurf nimmt stark Bezug auf den mündlichen Bericht des Büros der Hochkommissarin. Navi Pillay soll morgen (25.) dazu das Wort ergreifen. Es wird erwartet, dass diese dritte Resolution, die sich seit dem ersten Entwurf deutlich verbessert hat, was die Eindeutigkeit der Formulierungen wie Forderungen anbelangt, mit deutlicher Mehrheit von den Mitgliedern des Menschenrechtsrates angenommen wird.
Australien wackelt noch, weil sich seine Loyalität gegenüber dem diktatorischen Rajapaksa-Regime ausgezahlt hat. Das Flüchtlingsproblem – ein großes Wahlkampfthema – das die jetzige Regierung überraschend schnell „in den Griff“ bekam. Doch auch die australische Regierung wird über kurz oder lang der Einsicht folgen, dass Deals mit Diktaturen sich für eine Demokratie nicht gehören. Und genau das ist es, was sich die Regierung Abbott sich dieser Tage von den westlichen Verbündeten wie Opposition anhören muss. Man wird sich wohl der Stimme enthalten, um nicht gänzlich an Gesicht zu verlieren.
Abgesehen von der unverblümten vorgebrachten Forderung der internationalen Staatengemeinschaft an das Rajapaksa Regime, unverzüglich auf den Pfad demokratischer Tugenden zurückzukehren, Angriffe gegen Kritiker, Aktivisten, Journalisten, Andersgläubige, Justiz, Gewerkschafter, Tamilen etc. sofort einzustellen und die Täter zu bestrafen, soll der Massnahmenkatalog des LLRC (Gelernte Lektionen und Versöhnungs Kommission) – wenn gleich an sich völlig unzureichend und dringend verbesserungsbedürftig – unverzüglich umgesetzt werden.
Dass dies geschieht und den Fortgang zu überwachen wird Aufgabe der Hochkommissarin sein (und dem Nachfolger, denn Pillays Amtszeit endet im August). Außerdem wird die Exekutive des UNHRC dafür sorgen, dass eine unabhängige Untersuchung der Vorgänge eingeleitet wird (ob mit oder ohne Mitwirkung der Regierung), die Vorwürfe von Kriegsverbrechen und Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit in die Welt setzten.
Aber auch Vergehen der jüngeren Vergangenheit gegen Menschenrechte, Presse- und Religionsfreiheit sollen untersucht und vor Gericht gebracht werden. „Straflosigkeit“ für all jene, die als schuldig Befundene gelten, soll ausdrücklich vermieden werden…
Zumindest kurz vor den beiden Regionalwahlen in Sri Lanka stellt sich das Regime noch auf die Hinterfüße und stemmt sich gegen die Resolution. Wie es in einem solchen Falle weitergehen könnte, macht der britsche Außenminister Hugo Swire klar, als er davon sprach, dass Grobritannien nötigenfalls auch ein Tribunal ala Sierra Leone fordern – und unterstützen werde. Was unter anderem auch bedeutet, mögliche Verurteilte könnten, wie Sierra Leones Top-Kriegsverbrecher Charles Taylor, ihre Strafe in England absitzen.
So sorry, Mahinda, elektrische Stühle gibt’s da nicht mehr…
Bei der 27. Sitzung, also in einem Jahr, so der Entwurf der Resolution, soll es einen weiteren Bericht über die Entwicklung vor Ort geben.
Der dritte Entwurf des Resolution im originallen Wortlaut:
Draft Resolution 25 th HRC meetin, 24th March 2014
25/1. Promoting reconciliation, accountability, and human rights in Sri Lanka
The Human Rights Council,
1. Reaffirming the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
2. Guided by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenants on Human Rights and other relevant instruments,
3. Bearing in mind General Assembly resolution 60/251 of 15 March 2006,
4. Recalling Human Rights Council resolutions 5/1, on institution-building of the Council, and 5/2, on the code of conduct for special procedures mandate holders, of 18 June 2007,
5. Recalling also Human Rights Council resolutions 19/2 of 22 March 2012 and 22/1 of 21 March 2013 on promoting reconciliation and accountability in Sri Lanka,
5 bis. Reaffirming its commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of Sri Lanka,
6. Reaffirming that it is the responsibility of each State to ensure the full enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms of its entire population,
7. Reaffirming also that States must ensure that any measure taken to combat terrorism complies with their obligations under international law, in particular international human rights law, international refugee law and international humanitarian law, as applicable,
8. Reaffirming that all Sri Lankans to are entitled to the full enjoyment of their human rights regardless of religion, belief, or ethnicity, in a peaceful and unified land,
9. Welcoming and acknowledging the progress made by the Government of Sri Lanka in rebuilding infrastructure, demining, and resettling the majority of internally displaced persons, but noting nonetheless that considerable work lies ahead in the areas of justice, reconciliation, land use and ownership, the resumption of livelihoods and the restoration of normality in civilian life, and stressing the importance of the full participation of local populations, including representatives of civil society and minorities, in these efforts,
10. Welcoming the successful holding of Provincial Council elections held on September 21, 2013 and in particular the high turn-out and participation in all three provinces, but noting with concern reports of election-related violence, as well as voter and candidate intimidation,
11. Expressing appreciation for the efforts and cooperation of the Government of Sri Lanka in facilitating the visit of United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and providing her with open access, and welcoming the visit of the High Commissioner to Sri Lanka in August 2013,
12. Expressing deep concern over reported intimidation and retaliation against civil society members who engage with UN human rights mechanisms including those who met with the High Commissioner during her visit,
13. Expressing serious concern at the continuing reports of violations of human rights in Sri Lanka, including sexual and gender-based violence, enforced disappearances, extrajudicial killings, torture and violations of the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, threats to judicial independence and the rule of law, as well as intimidation of and reprisals against human rights defenders, members of civil society, lawyers and journalists,
14. Alarmed at the significant surge in attacks rapid rise in violence against members of religious minority groups in Sri Lanka, including Hindus, Muslims and Christians,
15. Calling upon the Government of Sri Lanka to fulfil its public commitments, including on the devolution of political authority which is integral to reconciliation and the full enjoyment of human rights by all members of its population,
16. Taking note of the report of the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission of Sri Lanka, its findings and recommendations, and acknowledging its possible contribution to the process of meaningful national reconciliation in Sri Lanka,
17. Recalling the constructive recommendations contained in the Commission’s report, including the need to credibly investigate widespread allegations of extrajudicial killings and enforced disappearances, demilitarize the north of Sri Lanka, implement impartial land dispute resolution mechanisms, re-evaluate detention policies, strengthen formerly independent civil institutions, reach a political settlement on the devolution of power to the provinces, promote and protect the right of freedom of expression for all persons and enact rule of law reforms,
18. Taking note also of the national plan of action to implement the recommendations of the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission of the Government of Sri Lanka and its commitments as set forth in response to the findings and recommendations of the Commission,
19. Noting that the national plan of action does not adequately address all of the findings and constructive recommendations of the Commission, and encouraging the Government of Sri Lanka to broaden the scope of the plan to adequately address all elements of the Commission report,
20. Noting with concern that the national plan of action and the Commission’s report do not adequately address serious allegations of violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law,
21. Emphasizing the importance of a comprehensive approach to transitional justice incorporating the full range of judicial and non-judicial measures, including, among others, individual prosecutions, reparations, truth-seeking, institutional reform, vetting of public employees and officials, or an appropriately conceived combination thereof, in order to, inter alia, ensure accountability, serve justice, provide remedies to victims, promote healing and reconciliation, establish independent oversight of the security system and restore confidence in the institutions of the State and promote the rule of law in accordance with international human rights law, with a view to preventing recurrence of violations and abuses
22. Underlining that truth-seeking processes, such as truth and reconciliation commissions, that investigate patterns of past human rights violations and their causes and consequences are important tools that can complement judicial processes and that, when established, such mechanisms have to be designed within a specific societal context and to be founded on broad national consultations with the inclusion of victims and civil society, including non-governmental organizations,
23. Recalling Reaffirms the responsibility of States to comply with their relevant obligations to prosecute those responsible for gross violations of human rights and serious violations of international humanitarian law constituting crimes under international law, with a view to end impunity;
24. Recalling the High Commissioner’s conclusion that national mechanisms have consistently failed to establish the truth and achieve justice, and her recommendation that the Human Rights Council establish an international inquiry mechanism to further investigate the alleged violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law and monitor any domestic accountability processes,
25. Encouraging the Government to increase its dialogue and cooperation with the Office of the High Commissioner, including with regard to technical assistance,
1. Welcomes the oral update of 25 September 2013 and the report of 24 February 2014 of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on promoting reconciliation and accountability in Sri Lanka and the recommendations and conclusions contained therein, in particular including on the establishment of a truth-seeking mechanism and national reparations policy as an integral part of a more comprehensive and inclusive approach to transitional justice;
2. Calls upon Encourages the Government of Sri Lanka: to implement the recommendations made in the reports of the Office of the High Commissioner, and also calls upon the Government to conduct an independent and credible investigation into allegations of violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law, as applicable; to hold accountable those responsible for such violations; to end continuing incidents of human rights violations and abuses in Sri Lanka; and to implement the recommendations made in the reports of the Office of the High Commissioner;
3. Reiterates its call upon the Government of Sri Lanka to implement effectively the constructive recommendations made in the report of the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, and to take all necessary additional steps to fulfil its relevant legal obligations and commitment to initiate credible and independent actions to ensure justice, equity, accountability and reconciliation for all Sri Lankans;
4. Urges the Government of Sri Lanka to investigate all alleged attacks, by individuals and groups, on journalists, human rights defenders, members of religious minority groups, and other members of civil society, as well as on temples, mosques and churches, and further urges the Government of Sri Lanka to hold perpetrators of such attacks to account and take steps to prevent such attacks in the future;
5. Calls upon the Government of Sri Lanka to release publicly the results of its investigations into alleged violations by security forces, including the attack on unarmed protesters in Weliweriya on August 1, 2013, and the Army Court of Inquiry report of 2013;
6. Encourages the Government of Sri Lanka to ensure that all Provincial Councils, including the Northern Provincial Council, as are able to operate effectively, in line with the 13th Amendment of Sri Lanka’s constitution;
7. Welcomes the visit by the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons in December 2013, and calls upon the Government of Sri Lanka to facilitate the effective implementation of durable solutions for IDPs, including the long-term displaced
7 a. Further welcomes the invitation to the Special Rapporteurs on the Human Rights of Migrants and the Right to Education;
7 b. Encourages the Government of Sri Lanka to cooperate with other special procedures mandate holders and to respond formally to their outstanding requests, including long standing requests;
8. Welcomes Takes note of the High Commissioner’s recommendations and conclusions regarding ongoing human rights violations and on the need for an independent and credible an international inquiry mechanism in the absence of a credible national process with tangible results, and requests the Office of the High Commissioner:
a) to monitor the human rights situation in Sri Lanka and continue to assess progress toward accountability and reconciliation on relevant national processes;
b)to undertake a comprehensive independent investigation into alleged serious violations and abuses of human rights and related crimes by both parties in Sri Lanka, during the period covered by the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, and establish the facts and circumstances of such alleged violations and of the crimes perpetrated with a view to avoiding impunity and ensuring accountability, with assistance from relevant experts and special procedures
c) to present an oral update to the Human Rights Council at its twenty-seventh fourth session, and a comprehensive report followed by a discussion on the implementation of the present resolution at its twenty-eighth session.
9. Encourages the Office of the High Commissioner and relevant special procedures mandate holders to provide, in consultation with and with the concurrence of the Government of Sri Lanka, advice and technical assistance on implementing the above-mentioned steps;
10. Calls upon the Government of Sri Lanka to cooperate with the Office of the High Commissioner concerning the implementation of this resolution.